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How to Be Better Prepared for Successful Aging


In our fast-paced world, people are now living longer than ever before. Research indicates that longevity, once defined as reaching the age of 85, is now considered to begin at 90 and beyond. With this shift, it becomes crucial for individuals to prepare for successful aging proactively. In this blog post, we’ll explore essential strategies and lifestyle choices that contribute to a healthier and more fulfilling aging process.

1. Incorporate Movement Into Your Life

1.1 Observations from Blue Zones

Research from “Blue Zones,” regions with high concentrations of long-lived individuals, reveals a commonality—constant movement [1]. Residents engage in daily activities, including household chores and gardening. Physical activity not only enhances overall well-being but also contributes to the prevention of various health issues.

1.2 The Power of Regular Exercise

Studies utilizing wearable accelerometers emphasize the decisive role of physical activity in promoting longevity [2]. Regular exercise has been linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes, and mental health issues. It also aids in preventing falls and related injuries.

2. Discover Your Purpose

2.1 Embracing Ikigai and Plan de Vida

Okinawans follow “Ikigai,” and Nicoyans follow “Plan de Vida”—concepts representing life purpose. Knowing your life purpose has been associated with an additional 7 years of life expectancy [3]. Those with a sense of purpose experience a decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases and external causes of mortality.

3. Minimize Stress for a Healthier Life

Chronic stress leads to inflammation, a significant factor in the aging process. Blue Zone inhabitants have stress-free lives, and adopting stress management techniques is crucial. Polyphenol-rich diets, prevalent in these regions, contribute to reducing chronic inflammation [4].

4. Embrace Caloric Restriction

In Blue Zones, individuals practice caloric restriction by consuming small meals early in the evening and abstaining until the next day. Caloric restriction, without malnutrition, has been linked to improved aging by eliminating excess intramuscular fat and reducing the risk of associated health issues [5].

5. Adopt a Plant-Based Diet

5.1 The Mediterranean Diet in Sardinia and Ikaria

The Mediterranean diet, rich in plant-based foods, is a staple in Sardinia and Ikaria [6]. It includes vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, and fish. Olive oil, a key component, has demonstrated protective effects against certain cancers and dementia.

5.2 The Okinawa Diet

The traditional Okinawa diet, comprising mainly plant-based carbohydrates, is low in calories but nutrient-dense [7]. Consuming a variety of vegetables provides antioxidants, protecting against free radical damage. Minimal meat consumption in Okinawa has been linked to a significantly reduced risk of mortality.

6. Nurturing Beliefs and Community

Research from centenarians in Blue Zones underscores the significance of belonging to a belief-based community[8]. Engaging in purpose-driven activities fosters a sense of connection and contributes to a longer and more fulfilling life.


Preparing for successful aging involves a holistic approach encompassing physical activity, purpose discovery, stress management, caloric restriction, and plant-based nutrition. By incorporating these practices into your lifestyle, you can take significant steps towards a healthier and more vibrant future.

For personalized guidance and healthcare services tailored to your needs, consider exploring SpesHealth. Our dedicated team is committed to providing a seamless and comprehensive healthcare experience, ensuring your well-being is prioritized at every step. Schedule a check-up service today to embark on your journey to successful aging. Your health is our priority, and we are here to support you in every way possible.

In conclusion, the lifestyles of the elderly in Blue Zone regions, where longevity is more prevalent, share common characteristics. These individuals engage in outdoor activities such as walking, emphasizing the importance of exercise and vitamin D intake for the preservation of muscle, skeletal, and brain functions in later years. They possess a sense of purpose, actively avoid stress that leads to chronic inflammation, practice caloric restriction, and primarily adhere to plant-based diets. Opting for low glycemic index carbohydrates in their daily lives, studies indicate a reduced risk of heart disease and cancer. Additionally, long-lived individuals are part of belief-based communities and actively contribute to charitable work. The shared characteristics observed in individuals from Blue Zones are believed to positively impact their health.

[1]: Poulain, H., Herm, A., & Pes, G. M. (2013). Blue zones: areas of exceptional longevity around the world. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, 11, 87-108.
[2]: Pes, G. M., Dore, M. P., Errigo, A., & Poulain, M. (2018). Physical activity and longevity in blue zones. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 11(1), 29-36.
[3]: Buettner, D., & Skemp, S. (2016). Blue Zones: Lessons from the world’s longest-lived. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 10(5), 318-321.
[4]: Hussain, T., Tan, B., Yin, Y., Blachier, F., Tossou, M. C., & Rahu, N. (2016). Oxidative stress and inflammation: what polyphenols can do for us? Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2016.
[5]: López-Otín, C., Galluzzi, L., Freije, J. M., Madeo, F., & Kroemer, G. (2016). Metabolic control of longevity. Cell, 166(4), 802-821.
[6]: Murphy, K. J., & Parletta, N. (2018). Implementing a Mediterranean diet intervention into Australian cardiac rehabilitation services: a study protocol for a randomized feasibility trial. Trials, 19(1), 322.
[7]: Willcox, D. C., Scapagnini, G., & Willcox, B. J. (2014). Healthy aging diets other than the Mediterranean: a focus on the Okinawan diet. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 136, 148-162.
[8]: Buettner, D., & Skemp, S. (2016). Blue Zones: Lessons from the world’s longest-lived. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 10(5), 318-321.

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